Monday, August 13, 2012

My Dear Upton

For a finer and prior treatment of the matter herein, please see Richard Colles Johnson, "A New Melville Letter" in Melville Society Extracts 112 (March 1998) at pages 10-11, 

now counted also in the important update by John M. J. Gretchko:

"Twenty-three Melville Letters That Have Appeared Since 1993: An Addendum to the Correspondence Volume." Leviathan, vol. 26 no. 1, 2024, p. 66-82. Project MUSE
* * *
In 1996, three years after publication of the Northwestern-Newberry edition of Melville's Correspondence, this item showed up at Swann Auction Galleries, Lot 526:
- Melville, Herman. Autograph Letter Signed to "My Dear Upton.' 2 pages on single 12mo sheet with integral blank leaf; slight fold marks glue residue on verso of blank leaf. Np, 29 May late 1840s] E7000-10000 'I was very much gratified by your note & its friendly spirit & cordiality. I am much pleased that Omoo has afforded you entertainment - the more so, as with-out flattery I might instance yourself as being in corrected in Melville's hand from 11 as one of those quarters where praise is desirable. I presume that before this you are quite at home in your new residence up town, where I promise myself great pleasure in calling upon you when next in New York. I beg you to, present my compliments to Mrs. Upton and Believe me Very sincerely yours Herman Melville. May 29th.'  --Artfact
Late 1840's?  We can do better than that, let's say


just after publication of Omoo in April and before Herman's marriage to Elizabeth Shaw in August.

My Dear Upton?

Best candidate I can find would be New York attorney and expert in maritime law,
Francis H. Upton (1814-1876).

One 1850 New York City Directory gives Upton's business address as 72 Wall Street.  Trow's New York City Directory for 1856 gives also Upton's home address, "89 W. 36th."  Francis Henry Upton went on to write A Treatise on the Law of Trade Marks (Albany, 1860); and The Law of Nations Affecting Commerce During War (New York, 1861).

Upton is listed as a contributor to volume 16 of Hunt's Merchants' Magazine (1847) where Melville's Omoo recieved a brief but favorable notice in the June 1847 number.  Upton, listed as "Counselloor at Law, late of New Orleans, now of New York" wrote a series for Hunt's on the "Law of Debtor and Creditor in Louisiana."  Very likely Upton's association with Hunt's or another publication informs Melville's allusion to "one of those quarters where praise is desirable."  Melville understandably deemed it desirable as author of a new book to have a friend writing for one of the magazines.

A "Francis H. Upton" is named in some of the Upton Family Papers now held at the Peabody Essex Museum in Upton's birthplace of Salem, Massachusetts.  Well I don't suppose there's another letter from Herman Melville in that one envelope, but maybe somebody should check anyway, just in case. 

Francis Henry Upton was a son of Samuel Upton and Rebecca Allen Pierce. On September 1, 1836 FHU married Sarah Foster Carr. Francis and Sarah had two children, Francis Carr Upton and Sarah Carr Upton. Wheelock Samuel Upton and Charles Horace Upton were brothers of Francis Henry Upton. Sadly, during the Civil War Francis Henry Upton was "stricken with paralysis" while arguing a case in New York.
"He afterward lived in Europe and is now in Washington, paralyzed in both body and mind, having never recovered his faculties, and is supported by his wife and daughter."
--The Upton Memorial

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